Educational qualifications for Physiotherapy vary somewhat internationally.
Some countries require relatively little formal education while others require specialist masters and doctoral degrees.
Arranged in alphabetical order by country, here is a review of the physiotherapy training available; and of the licensing requirements to practice professionally.
AustraliaIn Australia, programs are available at both undergraduate and post graduate level.
The physiotherapy degree can be undertaken over a 4 years period as an undergraduate or 2-3 years post graduate with the early components being predominantly theoretical including basic anatomy, biology, physics, psychology, kinesiology, goniometry and physiology.
In the latter half of the degree students partake in practical components focusing on musculoskeletal physiotherapy, neuromuscular physiotherapy (notably Souvlis pain mechanisms), paediatric physiotherapy, geriatric physiotherapy, cardiothoracic physiotherapy, and women's health.
The program generally progresses with an increasingly clinical focus and usually the final year involves practical placements at clinics, and research.
Australian programs offer either the (B.Physio, BSc (Physio), or DPT) degrees.
CanadaIn Canada, entry-level physiotherapy education is offered at 13 universities.
Some of these university programs are at the Master's level, meaning that applicants must have already completed an undergraduate degree prior to applying; all of them are slated to be at the Master's level by 2010.
Many universities also offer graduate programs in physiotherapy, rehabilitation , or related disciplines at the masters or doctoral level.
Many physiotherapists may advance their education at these levels in such Clinical Practice Areas as cardiorespirology, geriatrics, neurosciences, orthopaedics, pediatrics, rheumatology, sports physiotherapy, and women's health.
IndiaIn India, universities offer undergraduate program of physiotherapy with four years of academic and clinical program and 6 months of compulsory internship.
There are over 250 colleges offering undergraduate program in physiotherapy (BPT) and more than 50 colleges offering masters in Physiotherapy (MPT) with 2 years duration.
PhD in Physiotherapy is offered in some universities of the states Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
A directory of Indian colleges and universities offering Physiotherapy courses is available for download in PDF format.
Click here to download Physiotherapy Colleges - India.
IrelandIn the Republic of Ireland, Physiotherapy is available as an undergraduate course in four universities,, Trinity College, University College Dublin, Royal College of Surgeons and University of Limerick.
Courses are four years in length with clinical practice in the final two years.
Students are required to complete 1000 hours of clinical practice before graduation.
New ZealandIn New Zealand, there are currently two schools of physiotherapy offering four-year undergraduate programs.
Many New Zealand physiotherapists work in the private health care system as musculoskeletal physiotherapists and the curriculum reflects the need to prepare graduates for autonomous practice.
Students follow an educational program similar to Australia with an emphasis on biomechanics, kinesiology and exercise.
Postgraduate study typically involves three years of subject specific learning.
PakistanIn Pakistan there are 8 colleges offering Bsc. Physiotherapy and 2 colleges offering Msc in PT. Physiotherapists have a good scope in government and private hospitals and they are awarded 17 grade pay scale and one college Riphah Institute of Physical Therapy is offering now DPT (five years duration) and tDPT(two years).
In this way Pakistan has become the third country offering DPT in the world.
PhilippinesIn the Philippines, physical therapy programs are generally 5 years in length and awards the Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy (BSPT) degree upon graduation.
The program consists of basic sciences, 2 years of physical therapy subjects and a final year of internship & research/thesis. Some schools require students to complete a full 12 months of internship.
During the internship year, students are required to fulfill clinical affiliations with hospitals, outpatient physical therapy clinics, and other healthcare facilities.
Due to the healthcare structure in the Philippines, clinics and therapy departments are often headed by a Physiatrist who performs evaluation and writes out specific treatment orders for the PT to follow, and majority of the treatments are cash-based since not a lot of people have health insurance.
To be able to secure a license to practice PT in the Philippines, one must be able to pass a grueling licensure examination (board examination) given by Board of Physical Therapist under the supervision of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC).
Under R.A. 5680, successful examinees will be allowed to include P.T.R.P. in their name which stands for Physical Therapist Registered Philippines.
Licensure examination for physical therapists in the Philippines is governed by Republic Act 5680, also known as The Philippine Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Law.
South AfricaIn South Africa the degree (B.PhysT, B.Sc Physio or B.Physio) consists of four years of general practice training, involving all aspects of Physiotherapy.
Typically, the first year is made up of theoretical introduction. Gradually, time spent in supervised practice increases until the fourth year, in which the student generally spends about 80% in practice.
In the fourth year, students are also expected to complete Physiotherapy research projects, which fulfills the requirements of an Honours degree.
Professional practice and specialization can only be entered into after a state governed, compulsory year of community service is completed by the student after graduation.
SpainIn Spain a physiotherapy student is required to complete 3 years of training after having passed a university entrance exam.
After completing a physiotherapy program, another exam can be taken to work for the public health system of an autonomous community, or a graduate can work for private hospitals, clinics, etc.
There are 43 universities with physiotherapy faculties in Spain.
Sri LankaIn Sri Lanka, Physiotherapy is available as a Diploma course for 2 years in School of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy, which is affiliated to the National Hospital of Colombo from 1957.
After the 6 months of classroom training students are sent to hospitals for clinical practice.
During the 80's foreign students from Australia, Belgium have studied at the Physiotherapy School.
From the year 2005 Medical Faculties of University of Peradeniya & University of Colombo have started the undergraduate course for 4 years.
TurkeyIn Turkey, the Physiotherapy (BPT) education is provided by physiotherapy schools in universities (Hacettepe University, Dokuz Eylül University, IstanbulUniversity, Baskent University, Pamukkale University, Dumlupinar University, Süleyman Demirel University) after high school education.
Education takes 4 years or 5 years with preb classes. MSc and Ph.D. education is given by institutes of medical sciences.
United Arab EmiratesIn the United Arab Emirates  the Bachelor Of Physiotherapy (BPT) consists of a 4 year undergraduate degree program.
In the first year of the program they are introduced to pre-clinical subjects such as Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Human Behaviour & Socialisation & Basic Medical Electronics & Computers.
The students also get hands on experiences in cadaveric dissections while learning Human Anatomy during the first year of the program.
The students progressively are introduced to supervised clinical practice and the integrated curriculum offers the best learning experiences in addition to extensive inhouse elearning programs. The course offers Case Based Learning experiences and focusses on Evidence Based Practices.
The program culminates with a six month internship ending with a research project work.
United KingdomIn the United Kingdom, university degrees tend to be three rather than four years in length, as British students historically specialise earlier in their education than in most other developed countries.
In order to qualify, students are required to complete 1000 hours of clinically based learning: this typically takes place in the final two years; however, some courses also have clinical placement in the first year.
Thirty-five universities and tertiary level institutions train physiotherapists in the UK.
The vast majority of physiotherapists work within the National Health Service, the state healthcare system.
United StatesIn the United States, training in physical therapy culminates in either a masters degree or a doctor of physical therapy (MSPT, or DPT) from an accredited physical therapy program.
All US programs used to grant the BSPT degree before transitioning to the MSPT degree. All US programs are now transitioning to grant the DPT degree nationwide. There are still many physical therapists currently practicing in the US who were trained with a BSPT degree.
Physical therapist education includes clinical internships. All states also require physical therapists to pass the National Physical Therapy Examination before they can practice. Each state regulates licenses for physical therapists independently.
According to the American Physical Therapy Association, there were 210 accredited physical therapist programs in 2008–of those 23 offered the Master of Physical Therapy, and 187 offered the Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree. Most programs are in transition to a DPT program.